Real Estate Investment Advice – What You Should Know Before Getting Into It

The starting point for any venture is to know all the details about it. And for that, a university degree or completing a few programmes and courses related to the field surely helps. The same is true if you are a potential real estate investor. There are a number of courses that go into the intricacies of real estate investing but with one difference. Regardless of whether you have a degree or not, there are certain traits that you should possess to be successful in this field.

Here is a list of them in no particular order as such.

  • Have a plan – Real estate investing is a complex and challenging field and you should have a business plan in place. It will help you maintain your focus on your goals and objectives as well as take steps to meet any minor setbacks. A business plan will enable you to get a view of the overall picture and know which way your business is moving.
  • Study the market – Real estate market is extremely volatile and subject to many economic pulls and pushes. Hence you should develop an in-depth knowledge of the prevailing market conditions. You should be well conversant with the mortgage rates, consumer spending habits and any other variable that can affect real estate market. Only then can you plan for the future based on current conditions.
  • Decide on a niche – There are various aspects to real estate investing. If you dabble in all of them, the chances are that you will not be able to be an expert in any of them. Hence develop mastery in one specific niche and this will stand you in good stead in the long run. For example, if you have made a name for yourself by offering business advice in Melbourne on say rental properties, those wanting to deal in this field will be contacting you. Hence through word of mouth you will be marketing your business effectively.
  • Be aware of statutory regulations – The real estate market has many complex laws and regulations that you have to comply with. These vary from State to State and form the foundation of a real estate investor’s business. Not being aware of them can not only make you cut a sorry figure before your clients, you can also get embroiled in unnecessary litigation that can harm your reputation and lead to heavy penalties. Hence keep yourself updated at all times of what the latest laws are in the real estate environment.
  • Push for referrals – Always encourage referrals as a sizeable portion of your business will be from here. A satisfied client will be your publicity agent and word of mouth referrals will often be your best marketing strategy. Those referring your business to others might be associates, clients, business partners, renters and anybody who has benefitted from you or have been satisfied with your services.
Investment in Real Estate

Key Points to Successful Investment in Real Estate

Being successful in real estate investing doesn’t happen overnight or magically. Many enter this lucrative business, but not everyone becomes a successful real estate investor. While it may the best way to build wealth, it is not as simple as buying a property and waiting for it to start generating profits. You need to have a solid understanding of the real estate concepts and the industry. Apart from investing money, you also need to invest your time and energy. Further, there are certain key success factors which need to be taken into account before purchasing an investment property.

Here are some key factors that every real estate investor should know to become successful.

Location

When investing in a real estate, the location of the property is the key success factor. The reasons are many. First, location is constant, you may change many things about the property, but one thing that can’t be changed is the location unless you sell it. The second reason, location determines the supply and demand meaning how much rental income you can charge and how much the running costs will be. This will determine how profitable your investment property will be. Lastly, location helps determine appreciation, property which in market with higher population growths, better economies, developed infrastructure and property off main roads are more likely to provoke appreciation in the future.

Property Management

Property management is another factor which determines the success in real estate investing. Managing a property requires time, social skills and attention to detail. Here, by property management, we don’t mean finding tenants and collecting monthly rent, but you need to determine the best ways to advertise your investment property and a screening method to find the best tenants. Property management also requires a real estate investor to keep track of repairs, for example, after few years the walls may show signs of water damage, so you need to get the plumbing checked, get the roof inspected and call in commercial plastering Melbourne services to replaster the walls to their original look, maintain the property and deal with the tenant issues.

Financial Analysis

Another vital success factor in real estate investing is to conduct a financial analysis and understanding the monetary aspects of owning a property. There are various financing methods available such as mortgage loans, home equity, private money lenders, fix and flip loan and real estate partnership. However, you need to analyse your requirements and outputs of each method before deciding on how to finance your property. The other things which you need to be aware of include rental property taxes, payment plans and mortgage calculation. However, to be a successful real estate investor, always identify your current financial situation, personal financial goals, the maximum amount of loan you are eligible for and set a budget before purchasing the property to save you from the financial distraught.

The above-mentioned success factors should be taken into consideration if you want to join the class of successful real estate property investors.

Steps to follow to open and run your bookstore

People often convert their hobbies into a profession and earn handsomely from it. It might be photography, art and crafts, travel and even reading. Yes! If you are passionate about reading and books, opening and running a bookstore should be your dream project. You will never be short of new titles as there are millions of books being released every year all over the world, catering to specialized niches. And what better way to fuel your interest in books than from within your own bookstore, updated with the latest publications.

Here are a few steps that you can follow to open and run your bookstore.

  • Fix your goals – You should know what your goals are for opening a bookstore because all future plans for business growth and development and the niche you want to cater to will depend on this aspect. Will you be opening a low cost bookstore – primarily paperbacks – so that book lovers on a shoestring budget can be your main customers? Or is the primary goal of any business – making a lot of money – your primary focus too? Once you fix your goals, most preparatory work needed to be done in the initial stages will fall into place.
  • Choose a location – Choose a location where there is a lot of movement of pedestrians outside and from where your bookstore will get quickly noticed. Books are bought on an impulse and you have to depend on people simply walking in and picking up a title. Opening a store near schools and colleges will increase footfalls in your store but then you should stock books for this segment too. The size of the space will depend on the scale that you want to start off with. It is always advisable to rent a store within your budget so that operational expenses are kept at a minimum.
  • Choose a niche – Even large booksellers with years of experience cannot cater to all sections of interest. Hence it is preferable that you focus on a few niches. Some of the options for you are Fiction books, Story books / novels, Romantic books, Children books, College books and Management books. However, within a few years you should be able to gauge the demand of booklovers in your location and add to the categories you started out with.
  • Prepare a business plan – A business plan is the blueprint that has to be prepared before the launch of any business. It is a comprehensive document that includes funding required, marketing approach and strategies that will make your bookstore a profit generating entity in the shortest possible time.

It starts with details of onetime costs for rental advance and cost of brochure holder, posters, painting of premises, buying racks and name boards. Then there is the cost of buying books for the first three months or so when sales will be minimal. Finally, you have to keep provision for running expenses like salaries, rents and other maintenance costs. You have to take into account marketing and advertising expenses too. Based on these estimates, you will know the quantum of your initial investments. If you find the procedure too complex, hire a business consultant to draw up a plan for you.

  • Legal requirements – There are licences and permissions that have to be obtained before you can open your doors for business. Get in touch with the local council to know about the statutory requirements that have to be met. Laws may vary between States in Australia so be very careful on this score. A business lawyer or consultant will be able to guide you well in this regard.
  • Marketing your Bookstore – Marketing is crucial for any business and it is necessary that you give a lot of importance to this aspect. You can start with taking out advertisements in local newspapers and magazines and distribute a few books in schools and colleges. Have brochure and poster holders with the name of your bookstore and place them strategically in local college and general libraries. You can contact Advertising Industries for such top of the line and quality display accessories.

Follow these simple steps if you want to make a success of your book store.

Cleaning Business Employees

Training tips for Cleaning Business Employees

If you are starting a cleaning company, recruiting the right staff is very important. But that is only half the work done. The real value to your company can be had if you train them well enough to be experts in their trade and deliver excellent customer service. This is the factor on which the reputation of your cleaning business will be based. But sadly, it is what owners of cleaning businesses often neglect, failing to realise that highly trained employees are an asset to the company.

Why should you train your freshly recruited cleaning employees before sending them out on their first assignment? The first and most important reason is that you cannot expect them to fully understand the dynamics of your business unless you train them in it. Further, even experienced employees from other organisations who have joined your company need to be trained too because every business has its own unique characteristics even if it is in the same industry.

An ideal worker is one who is competent and equipped with the necessary skills and experience to excel in every cleaning task that is assigned. But that is not an in-born talent. It has to be honed and sharpened over time through in-depth and comprehensive training programmes.

Here are some tips for training your cleaning staff and areas that you should focus on.

  • Customer Service – This is crucial because the cleaning business is fully customer centric. A satisfied client will be your marketing agent, giving you referrals and spreading the high points of your business through word of mouth. Your cleaning staff should be able to relate optimally with your clients and interact with them well.
  • Health and safety skills – Cleaners often have to work in environments that can be a health hazard for them. Those who are engaged in the chemical or medical or petroleum industry have to be especially trained to be conscious of their safety and follow set procedures at all times. Workers attending to external window cleaning in high rises have to be suitably trained and certified by regulatory authorities before they can carry out this work.
  • Attention to detail – Cleaners have to be meticulous in their jobs because sloppy work is immediately noticeable. For example, take the case of tile and grout cleaning in Melbourne. Tiles resist dirt and dust but grout being porous absorbs them. Hence, for a sparkling tile floor, the grout has to be painstakingly cleaned with specialised equipment. Only a trained cleaner will be aware of this aspect.
  • Time Management – All your workers should be imparted with time management skills and be aware of how to prioritise the jobs that matter the most in the overall cleaning schedule. Without this expertise, they will be spending more time on jobs than what is necessary, thereby pulling down the operational efficiency of your cleaning business.
  • Handling cleaning equipment – Today’s cleaning equipment has gone beyond the mop and broom scenario and now comprises of state of the art ones based on advanced technologies. Hence to be truly successful in your business, your cleaners should be trained on how to handle them to their full capacity. This will not only quicken cleaning procedures, it will also enhance the quality of service offered to clients.

The importance of training is relevant across all industries but more so in the cleaning sector where the difference between good and sloppy work is instantly visible. Increase your business reputation by having highly trained cleaners on your rolls.

Increase Business Online

How the Internet can help Increase your Business

The Internet has today emerged as a very powerful business tool. Making optimised use of it helps to increase conversions and sales, profitability and productivity. More importantly, all these can be done at vastly reduced costs. Through effective use of the Internet, business activities can be streamlined and better communication channels opened with existing and potential customers. In traditional modes of business all these were a time consuming and expensive affair and often a good customer base had to be built up painstakingly over years. The Internet has truly changed business environment around the world for the better.

There is a general and rather mistaken notion that the Internet has taken the bulk of work in any organisation off employee desks and does it with the help of advanced technologies and techniques. Nothing can be further from the truth. The Internet is merely a medium that has to be used optimally to increase operational efficiencies by businesses. As a standalone features it is redundant. Studies have shown that almost 46% of the work force around the world feels that by making use of the Internet, they have been able to increase productivity levels.

Here are certain ways that the Internet can help increase your business on almost all major parameters.

  • Online Digital Marketing – The days of expensive ads in newspapers, printing of posters and brochures and putting up hoardings to create brand awareness are long gone. Instead, going the online route that has been fuelled by the Internet is the present business mantra. Your business website is the face of your company and ensuring that it has a very strong online presence on the Internet should be your first priority if you want to increase your business. Most people today search online for products and services before arriving at a purchase decision and hence your business should have robust online visibility.

The most beneficial part of online digital marketing is that you can structure a campaign to focus on your area of operations. For example, if your business is all about CCTV and security alarm installation in Melbourne, your website can be optimised to show up on top of results pages on major local search engines. All this can be done at a fraction of the cost of traditional advertising, thereby increasing your business efficiencies. Incidentally, one of the leaders in the security equipment field that has successfully utilised this local search engine approach is One-Tec Security.

  • Increased mobility – The Internet, coupled with state of the art Internet enabled devices have totally changed the way you can conduct business today. No longer do you have to be tied down to your desktop or laptop, you can have a total control of your business from anywhere in the world through your smart phone. You can keep in touch with your clients, answer queries, advice staff over video conferencing and know the state of your accounts and finance – all from your smart phone. Further, cloud computing has made it that much easy to access your business data from multiple locations. All these together help to increase productivity, lower costs, and improve volume of traffic to your site, thereby raising conversions and sales.
  • Improving knowledge base – One of the crucial ways that you can increase your productivity is by increasing and updating your knowledge base about the latest tools and technologies of business. The Internet is literally a fountainhead of information and you can get all news, views and information on this platform. By making extensive searches about the related industry you can get to know modern innovations related to your business and implement them in your operations. This will take your performance to the next level with all round growth and development.

These are only a few ways that you can take the help of the Internet to increase your business. There are many others which will be specific to your industry that you can implement for expanding your functioning exponentially.

Cleaning Business Employees

Technological Advancements in the Cleaning Industry

Driverless cars, self check-out lanes, drones that deliver packages straight from the warehouses to customers – as the world moves to automated technologies and cutting edge solutions to most activities, can the cleaning industry be left far behind? At present this sector has seen large scale changes that have transformed traditional cleaning techniques into modern automated ones giving a fillip to its productivity levels.

Given here are some of the technological advancements made in this field.

  • Automated cleaning machines – Automated cleaning machines can now clean floors, windows and extract dirt and dust from even the tiniest of cracks and crevices. Consider these possibilities – there is a robot that is being used in hospitals and clinics around the world that can disinfect more than 64 rooms a day. In Europe it is not uncommon to find public restrooms that are self cleaned by robotic arms and ultraviolet light. These can disinfect toilets continuously round the clock and are now gradually being introduced in some US cities too. In homes, cleaning robots automatically read the terrain, get over obstacles and scrupulously clean even the most hard to reach places, leaving the house squeaky clean.
  • Automated janitorial services – Some sophisticated equipment and futuristic technologies are beyond the budget of most janitorial services but that has not stopped large corporations incorporating them in their cleaning budgets. Some like automatic scrubbers have made the most demanding cleaning tasks a lot easier. It has also helped reduce labour costs leading to savings in money which has largely been utilised by the cleaning industry to invest further in updating technologies and equipment.

Another area is the widespread use of Wi-Fi to control cleaning activities. Floor cleaning machines are fitted with this facility which reports automatically to managers on a large number of parameters. Data is uploaded to tracking authorities on cleaning done, productivity rates, maintenance needs and topping up of chemicals. The process of cleaning is thereby greatly optimised to give the best results and profits. Cleaning apps too are very popular today. Specialised janitorial software automates almost all activities from work scheduling to time tracking to renewal of contracts and even online project bidding.

  • Home cleaning services – This sector has not seen large scale automation because of its limited scope of operations. Take the case of mattress cleaning. Traditional methods have given way to use of powerful hepa extraction techniques that completely remove dust mites, skin scales and larvae from mattresses. Effective solutions help thoroughly clean the surface of mattresses as well as dust embedded in fine lines created by fabric fold. For more information visit mattress Cleaner. Pet urine or vomit was difficult to clean in the past and invariably left stains on expensive carpets. Today special spinners and dryers can remove any stain on carpets and upholstery.

These are some of the technological marvels that have been introduced in the cleaning industry now.

Auto Detailing

Auto Services and Auto Detailing Combined Business

In today’s fast paced world the goal of any person would be to get over any activity quickly and effectively more so if it is not directly linked to generating and increasing productivity in any sphere. Take the example of repair and maintenance of your car. You would definitely prefer a one stop shop that offers all car services under one roof instead of having to go from garage to garage for various works. Doing so would mean loss of time and money. Hence service stations that offer comprehensive services to their clients are definitely a cut above the others and are generally patronised by a large number of loyal customers.

Take the example of Western Auto Services, a well known and reputed service station in Melbourne, Australia, catering to clients in the city and suburbs. There is hardly any service related to a car that they do not offer. With trained technicians in their ranks and hi-tech diagnostic and repair tools to work with, the garage is certified and accredited by the authorities to offer such specialised services as issuing roadworthy certificates and LPG conversions.

So what are the primary services that are offered by a garage that has combined the business of auto detailing and auto services?

Auto detailing – This is an aspect that is linked exclusively to the aesthetics of a vehicle and does not include any repairs or maintenance work. There are two sides to it –

  • Exterior detailing involves cleaning and restoring the exterior of the car to almost new dealer condition. The components that are focussed on include surface of the car paint with a glossy finish, windows, wheels, tyres and all chrome trim. Products used in the exterior detailing process are detergents, acid free degreasers, waxes, shines and polishes. These are applied to the car with brushers, applicators and towels.
  • Interior detailing is deep cleaning of the interior cabin of the car. Traditionally, the materials used in the interiors of a car cabin are vinyl, leather and synthetic carpet upholstery, natural and carbon fibre composites and plastics. Due to this wide range the materials and the cleaning techniques too vary greatly. Vacuuming, steam cleaning, liquid and foam cleaners are broadly used and applied with soft brushes.

Typically, detailing does not include any corrective action that needs the car to be taken to a body shop for repairs, even though minor paint restoration is considered to be a part of the process.

Auto services – This is directly linked to repairs and maintenance and comprises of a large number of varied services. Some of the main ones are –

  • Log Book Service – This should not be mixed with general servicing and check-ups as it is linked to maintaining the warranty of the vehicle. In Australia, contrary to popular belief, you do not have to take your car to your dealer for this work. Any certified garage is authorised to do it. Hence for log book service in Melbourne, you can take your car to an accredited service station in your locality who will undertake this job as per manufacturer’s specifications.
  • Mechanical repairs – This includes all types of accident repairs and smash ups, general check-up and change of parts if required. Top garages have state of the art tools and equipment to diagnose problems as well as carry out repairs on automated or semi-automated equipment. The technicians are trained to handle cars of any make or model.
  • Others – There are a host of other auto services offered by authorised garages such as air-conditioning services and regas, LPG conversions, package maintenance services and issuing roadworthy certificate after thorough evaluation of the vehicle.

One way to ensure that your car is always in the best of condition is to have it detailed, serviced or repaired from top of the line service stations only.

Management Strategies

Effective Management Strategies For Businesses

What exactly are effective management strategies for businesses? Is it related to sales, to marketing, to HR, to general administration? Basically, it is a combination of individual tasks that can together lead to overall growth and development of an organisation and helps meet targeted goals and objectives. Any plan or approach that can add value to the business both in the short and long term is good management strategy, regardless of whether it is related to operational angles per se or even staff behavioural patterns.

Management strategies are constantly evolving to be in tune with the needs of the global economy. Methodologies that were relevant even a few years back are today on their way out, being replaced by ones that are more capable of keeping businesses ahead in a severely competitive environment. Plans that relied more on traditional publicity through the printed media are going the social media route such as Facebook for creating greater brand awareness. Business development functions are now more technical and IT based with data analytics monitoring growth factors almost on a real time basis.

Here are some effective business strategies that have been tried and tested successfully by companies and businesses all over the world.

  • Recruiting the right people – A business is run by its employees so every company has to have an optimised recruitment policy in place. Here the role of HR executives becomes very crucial. The trick is to anticipate future requirements of a growing company and start the recruitment process well in time – not too early to make new recruits redundant and not so late that work will be pending. HR managers should employ modern recruitment techniques and scan social media platforms like LinkedIn to get the right person with matching profiles, qualifications and experience.
  • Focus on the digital environment – It is absolutely mandatory for all business to create strategies keeping the prevailing digital environment in mind. Businesses that are not highly visible online cannot keep up with their competitors who do. Today, most people search for products and services from tablets, smart phones or laptops instead of walking down to the local brick and mortar store. Thus having a user-friendly and highly attractive informative business web site is crucial. Get the best web designers and developers create a site that ranks high on results pages of major search engines. Have the site with a lot of graphics, infographics and videos for better response from visitors. Ideas can be had by contacting Jarrod Carland of Studio Jack, one of the top graphic designers in Australia and internationally renowned in this field.
  • Optimised customer service – More important than introducing products and services randomly in the market is to keep an ear to the ground and evaluate customer needs. Understand what the client wants in terms of service and products and especially pricing; if he fails to get what he wants, the switch to competitors will be immediate. Hence, businesses should interact with clients and tap new markets with regular updates on the company’s new product line, updates and offerings. Twitter is an effective platform to get all such messages across. Maximised customer service and satisfaction should be the primary focus of every business.
  • Stay on top with innovation – All things being equal, it is being innovative with path-breaking ideas that takes a business in front of others in the field. Think out of the box and have a product range that is unique and exclusive with features that nobody else is offering. Being innovative should not merely be restricted to product launches only; it should touch every sphere of business including sales and marketing, workflows and optimising all other operational aspects.

These are some of the areas that can be focussed on for devising effective marketing strategies. However it has be remembered that the success of any plan or approach depends on the unique characteristics of that particular industry.

Business Success Strategies

Helpful Start-up Business Success Strategies

When you decide to start your own business, you will not be short of advice – from friends, relatives and other entrepreneurs regardless of whether their start-ups have been successful or not. You should also keep in mind that there are no standardised procedures for launching a business and each has its own characteristics that require specific policies and methodologies to become operational. The strategies you structure for making your start-up into a profit generating entity in the shortest possible time will thus be unique to you.

However, there are still a few factors that you may follow as these are generic in nature and can be made applicable to most new businesses and start-ups.

  • Start with a business plan – Having a detailed plan in place is crucial from the start. It will basically be a road map that will chalk out the ways and means necessary to meet challenges ahead. This plan will cover your financial outlay and projected cash flow and working capital requirements as well as marketing strategies, product launches and pricing. Your periodical targets will be clearly spelt out as well as measurable and tangible goals and objectives. If you feel that drawing up a business plan is beyond your abilities, you can hire a business consultant to do it for you. However, keep in mind that this plan is flexible and you may be required to make a few changes during the course of business as per the prevailing situations and exigencies.
  • Swap fear for knowledge – Uncertainty about the subject gives rise to fears. Ask yourself whether you have the necessary skill sets for the line of business you are launching. If not, there is no reason why you should step back or be hesitant in taking the first few steps. Equip yourself through short term courses preferably online as you can then mix studies with business. Read books on the subject or attend one or two day workshops that impart extensive hands-on training. Most online libraries and training courses either are very affordable or free. You will see that once you have acquired knowledge of the line of your business you will have replaced the fear factor with a great deal of confidence.

An example will clear this point. Suppose you are getting into the beauty business. Hiring people and setting up the infrastructure for haircuts and facials should not be difficult. However, if you want to offer high end services like permanent hair removal procedures or skin rejuvenation treatments, you have to find out from where you can get an IPL hair removal machine for sale in Australia. Once you buy one, you have to ensure that you quickly pick up all operational aspects too. It is therefore necessary to purchase the equipment from a company that offers excellent after-sales backup services. For instance one such company who are industry leaders in beauty business is Aesthetic Devices. Visit their website at https://www.aestheticdevices.com.au/.

  • Create a network and referral group – In the initial stages, you are the best brand ambassador for your business. Networking is very important and you have to create your own word of mouth approach. Meet as many people as you can and stress the fact that you can be trusted to deliver. Build up your own momentum by participating in exhibitions and trade shows where you will come in contact with owners of firms in the same industry as you are. You can even opt to have strategic partners from amongst them, if not for financial investments in your business, then at least to be mentored and guided through the initial stages with expert advice.

Finally, remember, there is no substitute for hard work and long hours even though it is advisable to always maintain a healthy work and personal life balance.

 Melbourne use home security alarm systems

Australian Business Laws – What you Need to Know

There are various State and Federal Government laws and regulations that control Australian business environment and are related to protecting the community, facilitating fair competition and trading and ensuring that customers get a just deal. These also help to determine the legal rights of corporate and business owners in case of litigation and legal complications.

However, these laws cover a wide range of business matters and are often beyond the comprehension of owners. This is the reason why it is always preferable for small businesses and start-ups to contact small business lawyers in Melbourne or wherever the enterprise is located for expert and professional legal aid. Large firms do hire lawyers to tackle business related cases too but they often have teams of in-house professionals to tackle such exigencies.

Here are some of the aspects of Australian business laws.

Competition Laws – There is a national statutory setup in Australia that makes sure that businesses follow certain guidelines so that customers and consumers get a reasonable deal through fair and just business practices. This is administered and enforced by ACCC (Australian Competition and Consumer Commission) a statutory body set up by due legislation. In addition to this, every State and territory has its own laws that take care of consumer protection through a fair trading office. It offers advice to businesses on their rights and obligations. For example, in case of business property litigation in the state of Victoria a Melbourne property conveyancer will the right person to deal with the situation since he/she will be aware of the relevant State laws.

Product liability laws – There is a national regulatory framework in Australia that takes care of all aspects related to safety of products and information standards. The law is so structured that any product that is harmful or damaging to consumers and the environment is blocked from being marketed in Australia. These standards are also enforced by the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC). Fair trading offices in all States and territories are responsible for enforcing these product safety laws and helping and guiding consumers.

Privacy laws – Australia has a national privacy legislation that controls and monitors how businesses and enterprises gather, access and store all types of personal information and communications related to the consumer for different sectors and activities. Additionally, States and territories too have separate individual privacy laws related to the workplace as well as process of doing business. This legislation is monitored and implemented by the Office of the Australian Information Commissioner (OAIC).

Consumer laws – This covers a wide range of aspects. The Australian Consumer Law (ACL) is primarily related to regulations governing product safety laws, lay-by agreements and penalties as well as unsolicited consumer agreements. Other areas that come under the jurisdiction of this law are consumer rights guarantees and unfair contract terms.

Apart from these, there are other State and federal laws that are mainly concerned with the environment where any process of approval of projects is initiated after ensuring that systems are in place to avoid polluting the surroundings in any form.